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PAYMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICA AS AN INNOVATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY INSTRUMENT

Marco Antonio Berger García

Resumen


for Environmental Services (PES) Programs in Latin America and
Mexico have dominated the market-based environmental policy realm
in the past decade due to their new paradigm for solving the problem
for ecosystem degradation. There are at least three reasons why a careful
examination of the design and implementation of these types of programs
is important for the environmental policy discussion in developing
world contexts. First and foremost, PES schemes offer several advantages:
they are cost-effective, they are institutionally simpler, and they are
potentially good for poverty reduction. Second, PES schemes embrace
the user-based principle instead of the polluter-pays principle and, in
some cases, they have elements of a conditional cash transfer program.
Third, from a geographical perspective, PES programs are lexible and
adaptive to local, regional, national and international scales. Despite
the advantages from a policy design perspective, PES programs present
a set of issues and barriers at the implementation stage, especially within
developing world contexts where a set of preconditions must be in place
in order for PES programs to work well.

Palabras clave


Environmental Policy; Public Regulation

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El Journal of Public Governance and Policy: Latin American Review es una revista del Instituto de Investigación en Políticas Públicas y Gobierno de la Universidad de Guadalajara.